postcard Cabo Verde
postcard Cabo Verde

When the Portuguese came to the shores of these islands in 1456, Cape Verde (according to their words) was uninhabited. Portuguese islands gradually used as a supply station on their way further south, and later began growing sugar cane.

The island also served for the slave trade. Cape Verde was uninhabited until the first Portuguese colonization. In 1456, on the island of Boa Vista, the Venetian seafarer serving the Portuguese Alvise Cadamosto. Largest part of the archipelago was uncovered and given the name António de Noli. This man was also the first gubernator of the islands.

The first settlement began in 1461 with the construction of a military base on the island of Santiago. In 1496, the archipelago officially became part of the Portuguese colonial empire.

Since the discovery, the islands have been an important stop on their way to India. In the years 1500-1620, Santiago Island was the main transporter of slaves exported from West Africa. At that time, the population was Portuguese and African slaves.

In the following period, the importance of Cape Verde in this economic area has fallen. Another flow of slave trade occurred in the 18th century, connected with the supply of slaves to the English colonies of North America. In the same century, the coast was the center of whaling hunters. The end of the 18th century is linked to the economic decline of the islands. At that time emigration of the population began in the US and Brazil.

In the 19th century, the city of Mindelo on the island of São Vicente became a suitable place to replenish supplies and coal for whaling and transatlantic ships. The economic importance of Cape Verde has increased. After the opening of the Suez Canal, the significance of the islands as a transit port was extinguished altogether. During the 19th and 20th centuries, many people left the country. The economic crisis has practically remained unresolved today.

Between 1773 and 1866, there were three famines in Cape Verde, each costing about 40% of the population.

In the 20th century, a wave of nationalism and grew to activating the African Party of Independence of Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC), these events led in 1951 to change the status of a colony to an overseas province. And after the Carnation Revolution (1974) in Portugal, Cape Verde succeeded in proclaiming independence on 5 July 1975. The first president of the independent state was Aristides Pereira, who was also the highest representative of the African Independence Party of Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde.

The planned union with Guinea Bissau, after the local coup in November 1980 did not materialize, in January 1981 the name was changed to the African Party of Independence of Cape Verde Independence Party.

After the visit of Pope John Paul II. in Cape Verde, the Catholic opposition oscillates to demand democratic change, and in February 1990 the Cape Verde regime announced the transition to pluralism and a multi-party system was introduced. The Democratic Movement (MpD) won the first pluralist elections held in January 1991.

Also, the presidential candidate of this party, António Mascarenhas Monteiro, won the lead. Both the party and the president had the upper hand of the two parliamentary term. In the 2001 elections, the African Independence Party of Cape Verde won with its presidential candidate Pedro Pires for 10 years, confirming its win in the next elections in February 2006.


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